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Spirituality and Clinical Mental Health Counseling: A Database of Resources: Career Development

Spiritual resources are designated across common Mental Health Counseling Graduate Courses (including the 8 CACREP domains) for use in teaching, learning, and practical application of spiritual integration in counseling.


Career Development

Bibliography (Journal Articles)

  • Dik, B.J., Duffy, R.D., & Eldridge, B.M. (2009). Calling and vocation in career counseling: Recommendations for promoting meaningful work.
  • Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40(6), 625-632. doi: 10.1037/a0015547

  • Duffy, R.D. (2006). Spirituality, religion, and career development: Current status and future directions.
  • The Career Development Quarterly, 55, 56-63. Retrieved from

  • Duffy, R. D., Dik, B. J., Douglass, R. P., England, J. W., & Velez, B. L. (2018) Work as a calling: A theoretical model
  • Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65(4), 423–439. Retrieved from

  • Duffy, R.D., Reid, R., & Dik, B.J. (2010). Spirituality, religion, and career development: Implications for the workplace.
  • Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion, 7(3), 209-221. doi: 10.1080/147766806.2010.500004

  • Gockel, A. (2004). The trend toward spirituality in the workplace: Overview and implications for career counseling.
  • Journal of Employment Counseling, 41(4), 156-167. Retrieved from

  • Paul, P.L. (2008). Applying a constructive-developmental approach to issues of sexual orientation and religion in career counseling.
  • The Career Development Quarterly, 56(4), 344-352. Retrieved from

  • Robert, T.E., Yount, J.S., & Kelly, V.A. (2006). Relationships between adult workers’ spiritual well-being and job satisfaction: A preliminary study.
  • Counseling and Values, 50,165-175.