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Spirituality and Clinical Mental Health Counseling: A Database of Resources: Assessment & Testing

Spiritual resources are designated across common Mental Health Counseling Graduate Courses (including the 8 CACREP domains) for use in teaching, learning, and practical application of spiritual integration in counseling.


Assessment & Testing

Bibliography (Journal Articles & Books)

  • Altemeyer, B. & Hunsberger, B. (2004). A revised religious fundamentalism scale: The short and sweet of it.
  • International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 14, 47-54. doi:10.1207/s15327582ijpr1401_4

  • Brown, I.T., Chen, T., Gehlert, N.C., & Piedmont, R.L. (2013). Age and gender effects on the assessment of spirituality and religious sentiments (ASPIRES) scale:
  • A cross-sectional analysis.Psychology of Religion & Spirituality, 5(2), 90-98. doi: 10.1037/a0030137

  • Butts, C.M., & Gutierrez, D. (2018). Expanding intake assessment to incorporate spirituality using five functional tasks.
  • Counseling and Values, 63, 147-163. doi: 10.1002/cvj.12085

  • Dailey, S.F., Robertson, L.A., & Gill, C.S. (2015). Spiritual competency scale: Further analysis.
  • Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 48(1), 15-29. doi:10.1177/0748175614544688

  • Davis, D.E., Rice, K., Hook, J.H., Van Tongeren, D.R., DeBlaere, C., Choe, E., & Worthington, E.L. (2015). Development of the sources of spirituality scale.
  • Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62(3), 503-513. Retrieved from

  • Dimitrova, R., & Espinosa, A.C.D. (2017). Factorial structure and measurement invariance of the four basic dimensions of religiousness scale among Mexican males and females
  • Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 9 (2), 231-238. Retrieved from

  • Fox, J., Cashwell, C.S., & Picciotto, G. (2017). The opiate of the masses: Measuring spiritual bypass and its relationship to spirituality, religion, mindfulness, psychological
  • distress, an personality. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 4(4), 274-287. Retrieved from

  • Greggo, S.P., & Lawrence, K. (2012). Clinical appraisal of spirituality: In search of rapid assessment instruments (RAI) for Christian counseling.
  • Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 31(3), 253-266. Retrieved from:

  • Hill, P.C., & Edwards, E. (2013). Measurement in the psychology of religiousness and spirituality: Existing measures and new frontiers. In Pargament, K.I. (Ed.)
  • APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality: Vol. 1. Context, Theory, and Research(pp. 51-77). doi: 10.1037/14045-003

  • Hodge, D. R. (2013). Assessing spirituality and religion in the context of counseling and psychotherapy. In K.I. Pargament (Ed.)
  • APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality: Vol. 2. An Applied Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (pp. 93-123). doi: 10.1037/14046-005

  • Hodge, D.R., Zidan, T., & Husain, A. (2015). Validation of the intrinsic spirituality scale (ISS) with Muslims.
  • Psychological Assessment, 27(4), 1264-1272. Retrieved from

  • Oakes, K.E., Raphel, M.M. (2008). Spiritual assessment in counseling: Methods and practice.
  • Counseling and Values, 52, 240-252. Retrieved from:

  • Pargament, K.I., Koenig, H.G., & Perez, L.M. (2000). The many methods of religious coping: Development and initial validation of the RCOPE.
  • Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(4), 519-543. Retrieved from<519::AID-JCLP6>3.0.CO;2-1

  • Stanard, R.P., Sandhu, D.S., & Painter, L.C. (2000). Assessment of spirituality in counseling.
  • Journal of Counseling and Development, 78, 204-210. Retrieved from