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Spirituality and Clinical Mental Health Counseling: A Database of Resources: Helping Relationships

Spiritual resources are designated across common Mental Health Counseling Graduate Courses (including the 8 CACREP domains) for use in teaching, learning, and practical application of spiritual integration in counseling.


Helping Relationships

Bibliography (Journal Articles)

  • Clarke, P.B., Giordano, A.L., Cashwell, C.S., & Lewis, T. F. (2013). The straight path to healing: Using motivational interviewing to address spiritual bypass.
  • Journal of Counseling & Development, 91(1), 87-94. Retrieved from

  • Giordano, A.L., & Cashwell, C.S. (2014). Entering the sacred: Using motivational interviewing to address spirituality in counseling.
  • Counseling and Values, 59, 65-79. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.2014.00042.x

  • Moreira-Almeida, A., Koenig, H.G., & Lucchetti, G. (2014). Clinical implications of spirituality to mental health: Review of evidence and practical guidelines.
  • Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 36, 176–182. doi: 10.1590/1516-4446-2013-1255

  • Morrison, M., & Borgen, W.A. (2010). How Christian spiritual and religious beliefs help and hinder counselors’ empathy towards clients
  • Counseling and Values, 55(1), 25-45. Retrieved from

  • Oakes, K.E., Raphel, M.M. (2008). Spiritual assessment in counseling: Methods and practice.
  • Counseling and Values, 52, 240-252. Retrieved from: